How a Septic System Works

How a Septic System Works


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Septic systems are popular for homes and other buildings that aren’t connected to a main sewage system. It’s an independent plumbing solution that requires installation, maintenance, and repairs. This video explains how a septic system works and how a septic company keeps one running.

Like other homes, plumbing pipes within the home will carry the wastewater out. Instead of leading to a water treatment center owned by the government, the wastewater is deposited into a specialized tank that sits beneath the ground. Septic contractors specialize in the excavation and placement of septic tanks on properties.

The septic tank does not simply hold the wastewater and fill up. It separates the solids from the liquids and treats the liquids to remove toxic contaminants. The solids are split into two categories: scum that floats to the top and sludge that sits at the bottom. Septic companies will come and pump out the solids when the tank is full.

The liquid, however, is pumped to a drainage field somewhere away from the property. The drainage, or leech field, continues to filter the liquid, or effluent, so it does not contaminate any groundwater. Every so often, septic contractors will need to reset or move the leech field’s location so the ground doesn’t get ruined.

For more information, check out the video above.